Sunday, January 12, 2020

Islamic Art in Europe Essay

Islamic art and architecture is worldly renowned. It was developed during the era when the West was surrounded in Dark. It was the time when the West was learning to live in a society while the Islamic world was enjoying their glorious time. They had mastered the language of social survival and aesthetic beauty. They had excellence in the field of science and arts especially chemistry, physics, mathematics, and astronomy, painting, sculpturing wood carving and calligraphic art, the dominant feature of Islamic art. The sea route of Mediterranean Sea spread the Islamic art and knowledge in the world of West. The elites would visit the land of Muslims so as to gain knowledge from Muslim and Jewish scholars and brought with them the memories of Islamic art. Later, this art was exported to the West and was the sign of status. This art brought the glory of Muslim into another world and created patrons of Muslim art. When the Muslim glory was declining, the art did not lose its significance in the world and many Muslim artisans and Jewish craftsmen were employed by the Christians to build extravagant and highly admired buildings. (Derhak, 1) The roots of European culture can be traced back to the time of Renaissance that brought a glorious time to the field of arts, science commerce and architecture. But long before this Spain was well developed in the humanistic and aesthetic beauty ingrained in the society which was at that time under the rule of Muslims. At the time when Europe a feudal society and all the powers were held by the Church, the Spain was booming and flourishing with half a million of population living in 113,000 houses and 700 mosques. The houses were properly built catering the needs of the people as they provided marble balconies to serve people in summer and hot-air ducts built under mosaic tiles to prevent people from cold and winter. There were gardens with artificial fountains and orchards in every house. The streets were paved and properly constructed. There were seventy libraries in Cordova, capital of Muslim Empire while Europe was unknown to the material, paper. (Derhak, 1) Students from around the world came here to learn philosophy, science and medicine. The society was tolerant to other faiths and religions which prospered the growth of art and architecture. But after some years, the period of intellectual and economic success began to decline and new Arabic dynasty was formed. Conservative in its nature, the new dynasty could not bring the glory to the Cordova society. At that time the Western society was growing and the Europeans were forming a lobby to drive the Muslims out of Spain. They set a system of translating the work of Muslims which had the philosophies of Greeks and Romans. â€Å"They translated astrology, astronomy, pharmacology, psychology, physiology, zoology, botany, mineralogy, optics, chemistry, mathematics, physics, algebra, geometry, trigonometry, music, meteorology, geography, mechanics, hydrostatic navigation and history†. Europeans learned a lot through the text of Moors. Along these texts, the Arabic music was spread teaching the use of flute, keyboard and harmony. (Derhak, 1) The values and ideas taught by Islamic culture were called the secular humanism as it drove the people away from the powerful grip of Roman Catholic Church and these studies were having the progress of human nature as the centre of interest. The rise of humanism was seen in the paintings created by Renaissance artists. In the middle Ages, saints were the centre of drawings and they were portrayed as the humans larger than ordinary life. The landscapes in those painting were heaven but the renaissance art transformed and saints were depicted of the size of common man and earth became the landscape of the paintings. Now the saints occupied similar to the common man. The renaissance art gave new tools to the artist to portray three-dimensional picture giving a new effect of illusions in paintings. The frame of the paintings was becoming more the frame of the window and the painting was the view of the place seen beyond the window. (AAM—The Renaissance Connection Lesson Plans Humanism in the Renaissance, 1) It gave the artists the idea of using oil paints and egg tempera in their paintings. These paints gave depth and roughness to the painting which gave a life to the paintings. The glass and ceramics which became the identity of European courts for three hundred years was brought by Muslims in Spain. The skilled technique used to make glassware more ornamental was practiced by Muslim glassmakers in 800 AD. These techniques include gliding, enameling and tin-glaze and luster on glass. â€Å"Italy was at the heart of sea routes in late Middle Ages and was surrounded by Muslim Empires of Turkey, Palestine, North Africa and Spain†. This link helped in mixing the cultures of East and West. Sea routes brought exposure to various forms of art and techniques. It introduced glassblowing in west practiced by east and learnt from Syrians of Roman Empire. This also diffused textiles, metal work, carpets and ivories, popularizing the motifs and styles of Islamic world in the West. (AAM—The Renaissance Connection Lesson Plans Humanism in the Renaissance, 1) The international luxury trade from 14th-17th century brought in a great impact on Italian art and architecture as it was heavily influenced by the items imported to European market from the Islamic east. The Italians adapted and imitated the imported Oriental art. The Italians have little knowledge of the geographical distinction of the foreign items that they admired. The paintings that revolutionized the Italian culture gave rise to the trade and travel across the Mediterranean Sea. Ceramics that were regarded as mediocre in Islamic society were admired by the Italian society and had great impact on the pottery of Italy. (The Islamic Influence On The Italian Renaissance Is Explored In Exhibition Tracing The Roots Of Luxury Glass And Ceramics, 1) The Cathedral built near Pisa at the end of 20th century has Islamic earthenware bowls called bacini are basically painted with the traditional Islamic animals, plants and geometric motifs. These bacini were also used as kitchenware demonstrating the diffusion of Islamic utensils in late middle Ages. It is thought that these utensils were brought in by Crusaders or donated by the travelers to local institutions or building projects. Bacini caused improvement in Italian pottery. The largest surviving Islamic bronze sculpture was brought in during the conquest of the Muslim Empires on Mediterranean shores. The Lion of Venice, another bronze rendition came from the eastern shores of Mediterranean Sea and was placed at the entrance of the Piazza San Marco in Venice. (The Islamic Influence On The Italian Renaissance Is Explored In Exhibition Tracing The Roots Of Luxury Glass And Ceramics, 1) The Abbasids Caliph in Baghdad developed a rich urban culture giving high value to pleasure and luxury in every day’s life. They developed silk weaving, ceramics, metalwork and wood carving in daily utensils turning them into the work of art. The tapestries, cushions and rugs were woven in silk. Clothing became rich and elegant and the daily utensils were given visual and demonstrative qualities adding the fun to use them. These items were heavily imported even among the Muslim Empire from Spain to China. Later they were exported to the European society when the wealth started flowing in their life. The items of decorations were also heavily imported which had no offending material to the Christian community as idolatry is not permissible in Islam. Most of the Islamic art were abstracts in which the sole or the dominant theme was religious. (Bent, 1) The human figures drawn or sculptured in Islamic world consisted of humans engaged in pleasure of drinking, horse riding and hunting which was also with correspondence of the feudal society of Europe. The jars known as albarelli was commonly used in Islamic society to preserve spices was aesthetically beautiful and showed style in its use. The ivy and fern leaves painted in horizontal bands in cobalt blue and gold metallic luster highly complemented the shape of the jar. The Italian Renaissance and Islamic art both emphasizes in the harmony of design, balance of parts and perfection of the whole body of the item. (Bent, 1) The main difference between Renaissance art and Islamic art was that European art was the representation of Greco-Roman traditions while Islamic art was ornamental. The depiction of plants was strikingly similar to the nature as they grow and behave. The borders or the frames carry most of the meaning of the drawing. The art influenced by the oriental imports focuses on pleasing the senses and enhanced the object. These art pieces lost their religious meaning of Islamic culture as the seculars or Christians employed the artists who were highly regarded for their craft. For example the basins which were used for washing hands before meals or prayers in the east Islamic Empire lost its meaning and were used as the containers of wines of Eucharist. Even the garments also lost their original identity. The silk garments which had woven Arabic inscriptions on them praising the Mamluk Sultan worn by the princes according to their statuses and adherence also lost their original representation and were worn by the clergy of Roman Catholic Church. (Bent, 1) The most important room of Italian courts, the bedchambers were highly decorated with the tapestries, in which Arabic inscription were woven, and expensive carpets, originally traded from the Muslim market or are the original depiction of Muslim art. The silk gowns which were presented to Muslim rulers for their statuses were then presented to European kings as diplomatic gift. The use of silk became so much prevalent in European society that later the princes were buried after being wrapped in Ornamental silk. Most of the silk was consumed by the Church as it was used as drapes on altars walls and funeral biers. (Bent, 1) The vessels made up of rock crystals, glass and ceramics acquired a sacred status as they became the containers of relics. The use of precious metals gems also started prevailing in European society and started defining the statuses of the people. The bourgeoisie proudly showed off the pieces acquired from the Italian culture. The use of such materials prominently defined the difference of statuses among the rich and powerful. The cost, rarity technique and the eastern origins made the goods more appealing to the European society. Sometimes the richest Europeans had difficulty in collecting luxury item in quantity like the Islamic carpets and Chinese porcelain. (Mack, 1) The Italians tried to establish local markets of such items but they failed to produce the quality and the design similar to the original item but some imported item became so popular that exceptional efforts were made to create an imitation of those goods which was quite similar to the original one. The imitation was so similar that it was difficult to distinguish the original piece from the mimic intricate indicating the sophisticated appreciation of Islamic art. The foreign art highly contributed in the development of the Italian art as these patrons and artisan were always in thrust of exploring and developing new techniques in art to give it a more luxurious touch. (Mack, 2) The script of the movement of Oriental art written by Italians have little value as at that time they had little knowledge about the geographical origins and foreign artistic styles and little has been written by Muslim authors. It is believed that cross-culture has occurred when a native artist migrated to another land and trains the patrons of the other society. Another way of cross-cultural development was due to the sketches or memories of patron or the traveler who had highly admired the art and culture and other societies and brought it to his land. (Mack, 3) The early transference of Muslim culture showed its early traces in Venice when a state chapel and a shrine was being built for the saint relics. A Byzantine architect and a Greek craftsman worked on its structure and earlier designs of mosaic decoration. These Gothic last of Italian art had its roots back to Islamic culture. It has its historical analogies with styles of Pisa and Norman Sicily. This form of art soon appeared in the state buildings giving great credit and honor to the Christian as they defeated the Muslim and drove them out of Mediterranean shores. Soon the Christian had full control on the goods let by Muslims as war booty and was used for commercial advantage. The Pisans and Normans styles quickly grew but were highly affected by the architecture of Mediterranean but significantly expressed the shift of powers. The conquest in west Mediterranean shores also created extensive trade across the sea routes. The variety of color and texture in the cathedral’s exterior ornaments bring to mind the great Islamic art of Spain and North Africa. High influence of Islamic art was depicted on the governmental and religious buildings especially in Norman Sicily and Pisa as they hired the Muslims and the Greek inhabiting the shores of Mediterranean. (Mack, 4) The geometric marble traceries screening windows in lunette above the Porta Sant’ Alippio at the extreme left of the facade is quite similar to the window grill of Great Mosque in Damascus. The striking similarities between the Islamic and Christian buildings created confusion among the travelers and they started considering the Dome of Rock as the temple of Solomon and Herod. Another example of such confusions is Al-Aqsa mosque considered as the palace of Solomon. (Mack, 5) The domes were highly regarded in Islamic building especially mosques. The trend on the domes in mosques can be traced back to the early time of Islamic civilization. The most original form is muqarnas dome or semi dome. It is truly Islamic creation and was not influenced by any other culture or civilization. They could be made of wood, stucco, brick or stone and are the most characteristic feature of Muslim world. These were later adopted by the Christian in their religious building especially that of Pisa. (Grabar, 1) The varied Oriental culture in Venice showed the growing trade relations with the eastern Mediterranean. The Gothic architectural style highly expressed the values and culture of the ruling class and also developed a distinctive dialect which had any words of Arabic language and this dialect survived in the palaces till sixteen century- showing the high influence of Islamic society in Venice. (Mack, 6) Later in the 14th century the theme of Italian paintings changed and they showed the arrival of luxury items from Islamic society and their use by the Italian people. The paintings, drawings and sculptures portrayed the understanding of cultures of East and West but these understanding were based on the imports of goods, religious and political strategies with each other. (Mack, 7) The fascination for Islamic art was beyond the bounds of Islamic world. The development of blue and white on ceramics in Islamic art was desirable to Chinese as well as Europe. It was highly bought by these societies for decorative purpose. (Bent, 1) The Quranic scripts written on mosques developed calligraphy in Islamic art. This decoration was applied to various buildings of religion, military civic and private use. it was the main feature and identity of Islamic art. The earliest surviving building of calligraphic art is Dome of Rock in Jerusalem. The inscription on buildings used to show the praise to God, construction date and patronage scripts on the religious buildings while the civic buildings had date of construction, details of the architects and artisan but most prominently it had reference inscriptions of the caliph to demonstrate his power and benevolence. Variety of calligraphic art was developed for aesthetic beauty. It was applied on many surfaces like wood, stone, plaster and ceramic tiles. Later it was developed on books, coins and metal wares. This form of art highly attracted the west due to its origin and writing pattern. They were usually used for decorative purpose. The crockery having calligraphic art was highly regarded for their classy use and was mainly consumed by elites. (Renaissance art and architecture – FREE Renaissance art and architecture information Encyclopedia_com Facts, pictures, information! 1) Works Cited AAM—The Renaissance Connection Lesson Plans Humanism in the Renaissance http://www. renaissanceconnection. org/lesson_social_humanism. html Accessed May 08, 2009 Bent. B, (1991), Islamic Art, 2nd edition, Harvard University Press, England. Derhak. D (2005) Muslim Spain and European Culture http://www. xmission. com/~dderhak/index/moors. htm Accessed May 08, 2009 Grabar. O, (1985), Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture, illustrated edition, BRILL Mack. E. R, (2001) Bazaar to Piazza: Islamic Trade and Italian art, 1300-1600, illustrated edition, University of California Press, California. Renaissance art and architecture – FREE Renaissance art and architecture information Encyclopedia_com Facts, pictures, information! http://www. encyclopedia. com/doc/1E1-Renaisart. html Accessed May 08, 2009 The Islamic Influence On The Italian Renaissance Is Explored In Exhibition Tracing The Roots Of Luxury Glass And Ceramics, March 23, 2004 http://www. getty. edu/news/press/exhibit/artof_fireshort. html Accessed May 08, 2009

Friday, January 3, 2020

Early American Transcendentalism - 1204 Words

Early American transcendentalism has one of the greatest influences towards American society because it is not only a philosophy, but also a religion and physical progression. During the early nineteenth century, Ralph Emerson, Henry Thoreau, and other radical individuals challenged the present day theories of values, ethics, and what it means to live life to the fullest (Timko). If early American transcendentalists were living among civilians today, would present day civilians think the earlier activists were radical and psychotic? During this time, Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote, â€Å"There are always two parties, the party of the Past and the party of the Future† (Timko). Early radical, transcendental activists believe that their approach of†¦show more content†¦It was documented that Walden, in its first year of distribution, sold more than 1,744 copies to the surrounding people (â€Å"The Seer of Walden†). In 1849, Henry Thoreau heavily influenced early transc endentalism again with his collection of social actions archived in Civil Disobedience. During this collection, Thoreau uses Jeffersons famous statement, That government is best which governs least, and completes his thoughts with one of his boldest statements, That government is best which governs not at all (Holmes). Although Civil Disobedience is one of the most radical, Thoreau, advocated his main idea of â€Å"simplify one’s living† the most. Though many readers believed that Henry Thoreau despised American government, however this is extremely inaccurate. He longed for America’s government to focus less on material things and become less corrupt and in return, focus more about centering ourselves on God and democracy. Civil Disobedience is such an influence in nineteenth century America that it later advocated Martin Luther King, Jr. and Mahatma Gandhi’s social reforms. Thoreau’s avocation for anti-slavery, which was found in some of his earl y works, also partially inspired Martin Luther King, Jr. in his journey for equal human rights for African Americans later in America. To conclude, transcendentalism, during earlyShow MoreRelatedTranscendentalism, An American Philosophy1640 Words   |  7 PagesAmerican philosophers during the early to mid-1800s embraced a new liberal movement known as transcendentalism that posed a silent threat to the current social and political institutions of the time period. Henry David Thoreau acted as the father of this new philosophy that would go on to transform the social structure of America into what it is and is still becoming today. Transcendentalism is an American philosophy that humankind has an innate sense of being and knowledge of the world aroundRead MoreTranscendentalism Essay617 Words   |  3 Pagesï » ¿Transcendentalism is a movement that started in New England in the early to mid nineteenth century. 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Transcendentalists opposed many aspects of their government, where they felt many unjust laws existed.2 Therefore, they became the leaders of manyRead More Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau as Fathers of Transcendentalism730 Words   |  3 Pagesas Fathers of Transcendentalism Transcendentalism was a movement in writing that took place in the mid-nineteenth century. It formed in the early to mid nineteenth century and reached it climax around 1850 during an era commonly referred to as the American Renaissance, America’s Golden Day, or the Flowering of New England. The basic tenets of Transcendentalism involve the relationships between one’s self and the world at large. First, the search for truth in Transcendentalism begins withRead MoreThe Influence Of Calvinist Ideas On The Early Nineteenth Century900 Words   |  4 PagesCalvinist ideas were prominent in America in the early eighteenth century, ideologies that were brought upon by the puritans. 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Some of the most well known authors in this timeRead More`` Natu re `` By Ralph Waldo Emerson920 Words   |  4 Pagesessay, Emerson emphasizes the foundation of transcendentalism, â€Å"a religious and philosophical movement that developed during the late 1820s and 30s in the Eastern region of the United States as protest against the general state of spirituality and, in particular, the state of intellectualism.† [2] â€Å"Transcendentalism suggests that the divine, or God, suffuses nature, and suggests that reality can be understood by studying nature.† [3] â€Å"Transcendentalism is closely related to Unitarianism, the dominantRead MoreTranscendentalist Utopia in Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau1108 Words   |  4 Pagesof utopian concepts within the 1800’s, most remarkable of the influx was the birth of Transcendentalism. The roots of their religious philosophy extend much farther back into American history, but in essence, rests in the context of Unitarianism. It’s origins also reach overseas to Roma nticism, from which they drew inspiration from. Transcendentalism was an important movement that shaped the course of American literature, it’s assertions commonly taking shape in novels, poems, short stories, andRead MoreTranscendentalist1105 Words   |  5 PagesTranscendentalism and Christianity Have Incompatible Beliefs Transcendentalism is â€Å"a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in the early to middle 19th century† (Wikipedia). Transcendentalism first started with Ralph Waldo Emerson, one of the pioneers of the Transcendentalists, who in his essay â€Å"Nature†, criticized several things, especially the Unitarian church (Wikipedia). Many other Transcendentalists such as Thomas Parker, Henry David Thoreau, Amos Bronson

Thursday, December 26, 2019

Showcase Cinemas Summer Reading Program for Kids

The Showcase Cinemas summer reading program (formerly National Amusements) gives kids free movie tickets to see a free summer movie each week for each book they read and fill out a book report over. The Showcase Cinemas summer reading program for 2018 is called Bookworm Wednesdays. Looking for more summer reading programs that will score your kids some freebies? Check out my list of the best summer reading program freebies. How to See Free Movies From the Showcase Cinemas Summer Reading Program Visit Showcase Cinemas Bookworm Wednesdays and click on Download the Book Report to open a PDF file of the book report form. Print out the book report and fill out the title of the book you read, the author, a description of the book, and the childs name. Bring the completed book report into a participating Showcase Cinemas movie theater each Wednesday from July 11, 2018, to August 1, 2018, for the 9:00 or 10:00 a.m. movie to get free admission. Free Movies Available From the Showcase Cinemas Summer Reading Program The Showcase Cinemas summer reading program gives out free movie tickets to a select kids movies that play every Wednesday morning at 9:00 or 10:00 a.m. (depending on your theater location) beginning on July 11 until August 1. This means that your kid can see 4 free movies this summer! Heres the schedule for the free Showcase Cinemas kids movies: July 11: FerdinandJuly 18: TrollsJuly 25: Kung Fu Panda 3August 1: Captain Underpants Limits to Be Aware Of The Showcase Cinemas summer reading program is available only at participating Showcase Cinemas locations. Parents who take their kid for the free movie get free admission as do children 6 years and younger without submitting a book report.

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Career And Life Of An Obstetrician - 978 Words

Emjae Fisbeck Toews English 1 4 May 2015 There are so many careers to choose from in the world. I have changed my mind about my career and lifestyle so many times. It was hard to find a career suitable to me, but I found one that sparks my interests. Obstetricians work with pregnancy, labor and delivery of women. This career is something I would aspire in doing and fits my lifestyle. To become an obstetrician it requires an average of 12 years of education and training. You need to complete a four year bachelor s degree along with four years of medical school and three to eight years of residency. Obstetricians are primary caregivers of women during their pregnancies. Obstetricians main purpose is to deliver healthy babies, but they also provide medical care to women at various life stages. The skills of an obstetrician don’t just lie only in prenatal, labor and delivery. Theses doctors also diagnose illness and disease, prescribing contraceptives, routine exams and tests. Acquired with an aptitude in science and medicine obstetricians require certain skills. An OB GYN should have critical thinking, decision making, and problem solving skills. Also, obstetrician work with a lot of patients and should be able to communicate clearly and listen actively. Most obstetricians go into private practice after they have had enough work experience and training. Job opportunities are increasing by 18% which is faster than any other job. You should start out with earning a bachelor sShow MoreRelatedBecoming A Labor And Delivery Nurse1249 Words   |  5 PagesLife begins inside of the female body of a soon to be mother. After the sperm of that woman’s significant partner has reached her fertilized egg, she is then announced pregnant after her first missed period. During the mother’s nine month pregnancy, she could be experiencing excess weight, swollen feet or ankles, vomiting, emotional outburst, inability to sleep, unusual cravings, or depression. Normally, after these rough nine months of pregnancy for the mother, she is due to give birth to her newbornRead MoreEducation And The Cost Of It997 Words   |  4 Pagesmind to become an obstetrician and it has been my goal ever since. I knew this dream would not be easy to accomplish. So, I began to research about the education and the cost of it, how much money I would make and how this career uses computers and also what types of demands are there for e mployees. The first thing I began to research was the education. I learned that to become an it would take about 12 to 15 years of education and practical experience to become one. Most obstetrician began with anRead MoreCareer And College Research Paper947 Words   |  4 PagesCareer and College Research Paper Graduating from high school is vital for many different reasons, one of them being that it dictates the foundation of your entire future. Given that I am only in high school, I still have to take my future into my own hands, beginning with my pursuit to becoming an Obstetrician/ Gynecologist (OB/GYN). An â€Å"OB/GYN helps women with pregnancy, childbirth, general care and women with diseases in the reproductive system† (â€Å"Summary†). I chose this career because I wantRead MoreIs Obstetrician -gynecologist And Certified Nurse Midwives Essential For Life? Well Obstetricians Care For Pregnant Women?1064 Words   |  5 PagesWhy are Obstetrician –Gynecologist and Certified Nurse Midwives essential to life? Well obstetricians care for pregnant women and deliver babies; gynecologists specialize in the reproduce systems of women. Midwives are advanced practice registered nurses who provide counseling and care during pre-conception, pregnancy, childbirth, and the postpartum period. I myself want to become an OB/GYN, that’s why I’m so engaged into writing this paper. An obstetrician and gynecologist (OB/GYN) is a doctorRead MoreWhy Are Obstetrician -gynecologist And Certified Nurse Midwives?1068 Words   |  5 PagesWhy are Obstetrician –Gynecologist and Certified Nurse Midwives are essential to life? Well obstetricians care for pregnant women and deliver babies; gynecologists specialize in the reproduce systems of women. Midwife are advance practice registered nurses who provide counseling and care during pre-conception, pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period. I myself want to become an OB/GYN, that’s why I’m so engaged into writing this paper. An obstetrician and gynecologist (OB/GYN) is a doctorRead MoreThe Importance Of A Certified Nurse Midwife And An Obstetrician1424 Words   |  6 PagesObstetrics I am interested in helping people. I believe in the well-being of others and would love to work with the miracle of life, also known as pregnancy and birth. This is why I am looking at Obstetrics. According to an Obstetrician is, â€Å"a doctor who specializes in pregnancy, childbirth, and a woman’s reproductive system.† They take care of women during pregnancy in many ways, including monitoring the mother’s and her developing baby’s health by carrying out routine ultrasounds, measurementsRead MoreMy First Year At Dunbar Middle Magnet School1231 Words   |  5 Pagesthrough my body during this brief time in my life. Thinking back on the moments in life that assisted in me choosing my career path brings up many mixed emotions. The moment I chose the career path I wanted to go on is my first year at Dunbar Middle Magnet School, sixth grade to be exact. It was the first week of school and all the students in my class had to stand up and introduce o urselves and tell what we wanted to be in life. At that time in life, the option of being a princess was over and IRead MoreMy Chosen Sector Is The Health Sector1226 Words   |  5 Pagescomplications or are unwell in pregnancy. Clients can come in any ethnicity. Usually these clients are from the age of 16-40 however there are anomalies. The health sector is things to do with people’s health and wellbeing at any point throughout their life. Many centres deal with health and help people to be healthier and live for longer. These range from hospitals to your local clinic. Also, clients can range from the age of a new-born baby to an extremely elderly person. In health care, it involvesRead MoreApplication Of A Career After High School1443 Words   |  6 PagesObstetrics Nurse During the past four years people have asked me what I wanted to do for a career after high school. I always had an answer, but I always changed my career path. I knew that I wanted to go into health care, but I was never really certain on what field I wanted to go into. I am still uncertain on what I want to do with the rest of my life, but I think this research has helped me decide. There is one career in which I find interesting which is obstetric nursing. An Obstetrics nurse helps doctorsRead MoreEmergency Room At The Clinic1850 Words   |  8 Pagestime to drive back to the hospital. 8:00 a.m. — I check in briefly with the higher-risk cases, and go off call, but one must wake up at 5am tomorrow and do it all over again. That was just a small snippet into the very fast paced life of an obstetrician. An obstetrician is someone who specializes in the care of women from pregnancy until after delivery, with the diagnosis and treatment and disorders of the female reproductiv e tract. Which often involves lengthy days in a very unpredictable field

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Evaluation of The Mandatory Construction Induction Training Program In

Question: 1.1 Evaluate a range of primary and secondary methods for obtaining information including the use of online facilities for the research into an HR and/ or management practice.1.2 Compare and contrast data from different sources and publications.2.1 Identify an area of HR/ business practice which can be investigated2.3 Justify the choice and application of data collection methods and research instruments to explore an area under investigation2.4 Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of a research study4.1 Identify key stakeholders, their interests and needs4.2 Evaluate different ways of presenting data to meet stakeholder needs.4.3 Use an appropriate mix of diagrammatic and narrative formats.? Answers: Introduction: Human asset administration is the point of convergence of cutting edge associations as they rigging towards upgrading their abilities in a profoundly aggressive environment. In that capacity, associations have needed to battle with various difficulties going from changing innovation to the absence of enough talented specialists. Introduction is an arranged procedure whereby recently enrolled representatives are presented and acquainted with their new work environment. This incorporates meeting their collaborators and being familiar with different parts of the association. Furthermore, induction may incorporate such basic subjects as the area of a specific office and such complex issues like profession improvement. It is also affirmed that prompting, as an arranged procedure is equipped for profiting whole associations and particular people (, 2015). This is so in light of the fact that it permits new workers to adjust to their new occupations and turn out to be completely dedicated and gainful representatives at a quick pace. Discussion: Description, Literature Review And Good Practice Managers participate in long procedures of worker enrollment and choice looking for people who are able in their regions of specialisation. As they do as such, managers think about how the newcomers will serve their association and acknowledge superior levels. Note that getting the best esteem out of a worker's capacities begins at their first experience with the potential executive. In a perfect world, at this beginning stage the business must set them up for achievement. Keeping in mind the end goal to do as such, businesses must put into thought various parts of human asset administration, which, in the long run serve as the destinations of the introduction and actuation process (Bahn and Barratt-Pugh, 2012). Introduction and incitement goes for reducing so as to improve solace in new representatives tensions or uncertain negative feelings. It is also said that instigation projects need to consider the sentiments experienced by representatives amid their introductory days in the new working environment. Without a doubt, workers frequently display inclinations of trepidation and hesitance to draw in completely in their obligations amid their first days because of different issues. Case in point, it is likely that another worker will be ignorant of where a specific division is or inside of the association (, 2015). According to Wanous and Reichers 54% of the induction programs are presented in first month of the new employment occurrence. It is also suggested that the induction programs even have phased proper implementation, rather than traditional one-off loom towards implementation of the programs. Idyllically, such programs in reality take place just after first day of the work and just before end of first week, along with activities that are spread over some 2 to 3 hours every morning. The actual length of the real induction program must vary amid 1 and 2 weeks. (Wanous and Reichers, 2000). As per Snell, a good induction must contain elements about organisations and the entire firms Information Technology. All this would typically involve allotment of the computer hardware as well as software with fundamental guidelines for all acceptable use of resources (Dessler, 2000). Two forms of data and information are needed in the proper induction program: initially, common data regarding employees routine of work and then, a full review of firms history as well as mission plus way new staffs would be actually expected to properly contribute to latter. This also is supported by the researcher named Snell Wanous who see covering of the health as well as safety processes, in a short history of new firm, a proper tour of building as well as introduction to the co-workers. Area To Be Investigated Is all about differentiating the preparing needs guarantee that the preparation has particular quantifiable and reasonable targets. The firm must have the capacity to distinguish and characterise the preparation needs of both the association and its kin. This exists between the association, the office and the person. Once the association has characterised its business objectives and procedures the firm can then focus the asset needs. Every bureau of the association ought to distinguish its destinations and needs, including the kind of occupations and what number of workers it requires. It will likewise need to figure out what scope of abilities will be important to meet the objectives of the association (Creswell and Plano Clark, 2007). The investigation of the old induction process should be changed and after that go past an evaluation of current execution. The key areas to highlight within the report are mentioned below: Are individuals content with the old induction procedure? Do the new staffs like the pilot usage of new process? How ought to the preparation project be adjusted to achieve better points and destinations? How would we be able to guarantee that new staffs comprehend the preparation and its targets? How will we deal with the exchange of the new learning once more into the work environment? Key Stakeholders And Their Interest In This Study Stakeholders are defined as a person or group owning a percentage of a companys shares as well as affected by or having an interest in the company operations. In the impelling scheme there will be two noteworthy stakeholders that will be the employers or the management and the new staffs. Administration's part is necessary in an organisation like Twin Group where there are more than 50 regular representatives working among the fundamental season. Chiefs have a key part in the introduction. The supervisor sets tone for the relationship for new representatives and regularly is the hugest individual first and foremost of the worker's profession. It's fundamental that directors arrange the representative's first day well, verifying that key exercises are incorporated in the project for the first day. Supervisors have numerous key parts in the actuation of which some are the most well-known.(Gravells, 2013). Managers should deliver instructions for the new employees. Sometimes managers need to safeguard induction program completion for new employees. - Managers can offer orientation to the job. Managers should set performance goals to the new employee. Managers must provide support in all aspects of the induction program if necessary (Denk, 2010). Interest Grid for stakeholders prioritisation Source: Methods- New staffs will be used Primary research for collecting first hand and fresh data plus information Secondary research for collecting second hand data and information that ahs already been captured earlier by some scholars and researchers. Potential limitations- The method might not be accepted by the stakeholders Stakeholders might not clearly understand the primary data collected and also they might feel these information hectic and complex As they are not directly involved in the research they might not be too much interested in the study Suitability in meeting stakeholder needs - New staffs are necessary for the induction process as they are the ones that convey energy to figure out how to the procedure. Primary assignment for new representative is to willingly take an interest in all parts of the affectation procedure engrossing however much data as could reasonably be expected. New representatives additionally specifically influence the way of life of the organisation with their own particular identity and crisp point of view. Senior workers are extraordinary help for the chiefs in enlisting procedure as they specifically convey the organisation culture and qualities to the new representatives (Kurtts, 2011). Meeting stakeholders need Methods Of Obtaining Information And Research Project The entire study will give a full detail of the previously existing induction procedure and strategy at the Twin Group. The company operates in the market where all the induction procedures are actually geared specifically towards properly training and making the staffs aware of all the carry outs of the firm and also making them feel at home within the organisation. The Induction program in the firm not just benefits the firm; rather they even offer vital advantages to staffs. Induction in this firm also reinforces some novel employees decision towards joining the company and even fosters a sense of the belongingness (Daskalaki, 2011). A properly-organised and maintained induction program would aid the employees to deal with all types of anxieties through providing them along with some coping strategies such as goal setting plus planning at the time of most stressful time in the firm. Through reducing the level of insecurity and anxiety, the induction programs at Twin Group is capab le to help the staffs settle down faster as well as enables them to feel additionally at home while in the firm. Such positive emotions might also lead towards improved phases of satisfaction in the new staffs that in turn translates into extra productive workers that feel part and parcel of the firm. The study will fundamentally be held in light of both Primary examination techniques and observational exploration routines. Also questionnaire and observation method will be used as part of various diverse ways, however two emerge. To begin with, it will be utilised to indicate a general way to deal with the investigation of reality that recommends that just learning increased through experience and the faculties is satisfactory. As it were, this position will imply that thoughts must be subjected to the rigors of testing before they can be considered information. The second significance of the term will be identified with this and will allude to a conviction that gathering of "certainties" is honest to goodness objective in its own particular right. Primary research will be needed to lead through organised meeting from the premise of the auxiliary examination writing audit investigation on information accessible from the records in association (Dessler, 2000). "A vital stage in the gathering of information will be choice of units to which the information will identify with. Information will be gathered through meetings and examiners as well as through surveys and observations. All workers including top level and main concern and HRM will be chosen to this procedure. Meetings will also be held to attain staffs responses on the past practiced induction program and also their view on pilot program that was launched. Organised Questionnaires will be given to the related topic (Jha, 2008). Secondary sources like CIPD website, Google search engine, HRM Textbooks, Journal articles, websites such as,,, Twin Group Recruitment Induction Policies and Procedures will be used as main source for gathering data in the research that will be conducted. Details of current changes within induction process will also be taken from the present articles in the current newspaper and also from journals published. Key Sources Of Secondary Research And Their Contribution To This Research Secondary research in reality is the data and information which is previously published from some other sources. The main sources of the secondary research which would be utilised in this study and their real contribution are mentioned below: Sources of Secondary Data How will it contribute to my proposed research project / Evaluation of the suitability of this source Advantages / key strengths Disadvantages / key limitations CIPD website CIPD podcast 89-Rethinking Staff Induction, Date: 02/04/2014 CIPD Website Provides current as well as historical data in the form of factsheet, general and statistical data that relate to induction process in firms. This will be helpful to attain the available secondary data and then will help in proper and effective analysis of the same Their 2014 Podcast 89 describes the importance of getting the induction process right. It outlines how to do induction differently and sets out findings from companies from a range of sectors who have recently revolutionised their induction processes. (Cipd Podcast 89, 2014) CIPD website contains a wide range of HR related information and real-life case studies. Quick and easy online access to valuable information. Possibility to sign up and receive regular newsletters and bulletins Great source of historical and current subject related data. Blogs run by CIPD qualified professionals. Good sources of recommended / further reading CIPD membership fees must be paid in order to access their services Online access to HR information- so members/users must be computer literate and have internet access. Some information may not be up-to date Other Websites: Employee Induction 2010, date: 17/09/2010 and Induction Survey 2010: delivery and evaluation, date: 01/11/2010 evaluate the effectiveness of induction arrangements? Reed Business Information Limited trading as XpertHR is an Appointed Representative of ITC Compliance Ltd which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority. They provide information on how other companies deliver induction and evaluate its effectiveness. It is a great source of information related to wide range of HR issues such as employee relations, employment legislations, general HRM. It provides historical and current statistical data, HR trends, case studies, document templates, surveys, benchmarking indicators. It also presents survey analysis Free 7 days website trial Official statistics are usually a reliable source of information The data attained might be somewhat older and out dated one. Access to XpertHR website requires login/membership/ subscription Other Websites: Oxford Brookes University and Twin Group University websites are always good to refer to as they provide access to academic resources, online library, e-newsletters and magazines, student and teachers forums, research forum, Company websites provide details about their strategies, including clear mission, values, vision and strategic goals. All this is extremely important from the HRM perspective as it attracts the right staff and has impact on employee retention Websites include valuable past and current data in form of factsheets, common information as well as statistical data regarding the induction program that has been in past followed within the firm. Great source of new recruits Provide expert and professional advice across Industries and business sectors Provide Business coaching and Mentoring opportunities, Consultancy and Training Networking opportunities Some of the information on website may not be current and up-to date Twin Group Recruitment Induction Policies and Procedures Version 2015/01 The main aim of the Recruitment Induction policy and Twins induction is to ensure an effective integration of staff into or across the company, for the benefit of both parties. Data collected from applicants about ethnicity, gender, age, disability, sex orientation etc can be used to analyse the recruitment and selection decisions. This will allow to identify areas for recruitment and induction improvements, The policy provides an overview to the research proposal topic. It outlines the importance of the Recruitment Induction issue. It provides practical advice, reinforce companys values and develop respect, professionalism and teamwork among members of staff Belong and published within organisation for their own use. Not always easy to find/access. Failure to comply with this policy will result in disciplinary action being taken against the employee Although The Recruitment Induction policy is a guide, there may be other practices and procedures taking places The information and data could be outdated, therefore the Policy needs to be regularly reviewed HRM Textbooks: 1.Process of Inference Learning Discovery, (Bradford Books), by John H. Holland, Keith J. Holyoak, Richard E. Nisbett, Paul R. Thagard, data:02/03/1989 2.Induction Training- Effective Steps for Investing in People (Kogan Page),by Michael Meigham, data:1/09/2000 These books will provide a proper insight into the other writers, that are the leading experts, thoughts as well as feelings upon the study topic It is a great book written to help people involved with the induction of new employees. It helps determine the induction training needs not only of the employee but also the organisation. It presents different approaches that can be applied in various situations and contain examples of good practice Textbooks are more detailed and thus attainment of better and detailed information will be possible Provide detailed overview of the Induction topic. Help understand the problem relating to the research proposal. Textbooks can be old or carry old data and information Books may be costly to buy Authors may be biased in their opinions Journal Articles related to Induction programs and its needs and requirements in firms. Journals include up-to date information on specific topics They discuss best practices of undertaking proper induction, trends and pros cons of induction procedures. Recommend and Provide good sources for further reading Good quality information, checked and verified Short, easy and interesting to read Include less detailed information that textbooks Key Methods Of Collecting Primary Data Primary research-produces data that are only obtainable from the original source . Primary data are first hand data obtained by the researcher, for a specific research project.(CIPD, 2015) The below primary research methods will be used in order to gather the necessary data and information: Primary research method How will it contribute to my proposed research project? Strengths (Including currency, authenticity, reliability and validity) Disadvantages Including currency, authenticity, reliability and validity) Interviews Interview methods are often used and described as talking questionnaires as they have the same objective (Cipd, 2015) Reliability and validity- only relevant and appropriate questions will be asked and will be piloted in advance. Validity of interviews is higher when interviewers use situational and job-related questions. Interviews are designed to capture data. Interviewers take detailed notes Currency assured as the interview are planned to take place in the next 3-6 months Authenticity is assured as the interviewer will check the status of the respondents as part of the planned target group Reliability can be affected as different interviewers may give different ratings when interviewing the same person. Interview results and rating may be influenced by luck of answer/response from the interviewee. Lack of anonymity Discussion with the stakeholders This will supply a proper first handed data and will consider fact how the stakeholders fell regarding the current induction policy and also its affect on the stakeholders as entity and also as the firm on a whole. Full detail can be attained about the people interested in the topic and those who have complained about the existing or past induction process in the firm. Currency-provides up-to date, first hand information and data Accuracy-Discussion relates to a specific research topic. Authenticity is assured as it allows to trace origin of data Cost effectiveness Facial expression could be observed and thus no biasness is possible People can feel hesitated to take part in meetings and discussions Reliability-information will likely be biased. Reliability can be affected if people chose to hide information in order to achieve desired outcome Insufficient number of people taking part in discussion Surveys/ Survey Monkeys/ Multiple choice surveys/ Likert scale/ Questionnaires/ Surveys will be undertaken and questionnaires will be used to gather information all these will be completed by the stakeholders using techniques and tools such as survey monkeys. This permits participants too much greater level of the anonymity. They will give all new and fresh data Large quantity of data will be gathered from very vast number of people in a short period of time and in very cost effective way The outcomes of questionnaires will be quickly as well as easily quantified Straight questions will be asked that will lead towards accuracy as well as reliability Multiple choice surveys allow getting statistical data and information from stakeholders We can rely on this data as they will be first hand information and will not tend to be outdated ones. Their validity will be assured as the data will be accurate and unbiased. People might not feel comfortable and might lack time to fill the questionnaire. Lack of cooperation from employees would make the data difficult to obtain Few questions can be too long and winded plus the respondents might misunderstand them The data obtained from standard questionnaires might not be instantly available for practical use because analysis takes a lot of time Observations Unlike questionnaires or interviews, the observational method does not put questions to respondents. It collects data about behaviour (Cipd, 2015) Researcher observes and records behaviour that is relevant to his research project. Instant access to information gathered through observation Requires time and resources Size of sample can influence the end results Main difference among primary and secondary sources could actually be ambiguous. Any individual document might be the primary source within one context plus any secondary source within some another. Also time is a major defining element within this context (International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory Practice, 212). Strengths And Weaknesses Of A Research Study STRENGTH WEAKNESS Quantitative study Since information is in the numeric form, one could also apply the factual tests in anyhow making explanations about information. Factual investigation gives us a chance to get essential actualities from examination information. Quantitative studies' incredible quality is giving information that is clear Self-reported data obtained from polls may be mistaken or inadequate. The organisation of an organised survey makes an unnatural circumstance that may distance respond. Qualitative study Qualitative data incorporates data about client practices, needs, fancies, schedules, utilisation cases, and an assortment of other data that is vital in planning an item that will really fit into a client's life. One can't without much of a stretch diminish these depictions to numbers Patterns can't be accepted by computing a p-quality or an impact size as one could approve quantitative information Source: (Kumar, 2005), (Lavrakas, 2008), (Villani, 2006) Presenting Findings To Stakeholders A proper discussion forum including key stakeholders like managers, and sample staffs groups for discussing the real findings might be needed. The main aims and objective of focus group will be to properly discuss result, reliability as well as validity of project. While presenting data to the stakeholders, following methods will be used: Diagrammatic Formats Like Graphs And Tables, Bar Graphs And Charts These provide quantitative research that will be helpful as information is in the numeric form, one could also apply the factual tests in anyhow making explanations about information. Factual investigation gives us a chance to get essential actualities from examination information. Quantitative studies' incredible quality is giving information that is clear (Raedt Flach, 2001) Graphs plus pie charts are effective tools for presenting data and information as well as communicating main points as well as trends. They are exceptionally compelling in keeping stakeholders enthusiasm for the subject. Presenting the outcomes in diagrammatic formats will help making it easier for the stakeholders to peruse and understand (, 2015). They are however more suited to those individuals who are more concerned with numbers rather than factors that have influenced the changes. All this will be used to provide a graphical presentation like the ones depicted below. Pie Chart sample Source: Bar Chart sample Source: Employee census Narrative formats e.g. Written reports, emails Narrative formats provide qualitative research, and are used to present data gathered through qualitative methods. They are more suited to individuals who are interested in context and background of the study rather than numbers. Written reports will have specific sections that will provide proper clear statement for problem that is posed by this study, like reasons why problem is of real interest as well as discussion that reinforces to reader the entire value as well as implications of work. Newsletters and bulletins are a great way to stay in touch with stakeholders and provide them with detailed and sufficient information regarding strategic development in regards to changes needed in the induction process (Samosamo, 2014) Emails- are also very effective plus instant way towards disseminating the information particularly internally when staffs are to be indulged in the process. Justification Of Choice And Application Of Primary And Secondary Sources Of Data Collection The main purpose of this study will be to find out whether existing induction process actually is effective and in place or not. It will definitely help in process of gathering information from employees and also from management department; a full questionnaire of about 9 questions will be formed, that would take approximately 10 minutes to respond and this will make the process easier and less time consuming and people will like to respond to the questions as well. As the questionnaire will be made for business it will be kept very crisp as well as the questions asked will be straight forward and to the main point which will be also less complex and will consume a little time. Careful and proper consideration will also be given to number of the questions included because people generally do not like to deal with heavy questionnaires containing large number of questions. Questions will be analysed on the Likert scale; and this will help us in knowing and understanding the feedback of the respondent in very clear manner. A whole study which will be suitable in the length will be less probable to anyhow result in the "completion of fatigue". The respondents will be more probable to skip questions if anyhow they find that number of the questions is high. Thus keeping the time of Survey-completion time to just 20 minutes, will help us to manage time and this saved time can be used in the analysis of the answers. (Wildeboer, 2004). Primary research method chosen for the study will be suitable for the research as it will bring in all forms of fresh and first hand data to the researcher. Primary research will be needed to lead through organised meeting from the premise of the auxiliary examination writing audit investigation on information accessible from the records in association and this will definitely help the researcher to observe body language and facial expressions of the respondednt and will definitely help in avoiding biasness and fake answers. Organized Qu estionnaires will be distributed to the selected samples and this questionnaire will help the researcher to attain all new answers and different responses from different respondents which will also avoid lapse of data and also duplication of the same. Persuading The Findings BENEFITS TO EMPLOYER BENEFITS TO STAFFS Management and controlling the early turnover is a vast challenge that plagues most of the managers in these organisations. If this continues in future, the organisations would experience a great scarcity of proper workforce because of enhanced rates of the employee turnover. Thus the change in induction process is a necessity now as orientation stages if dealt with proper care can diminish the risk of any such early turnover that is being seen in the company. Indeed, this research will also show that employees who are engaged in thorough induction at the beginning, are less probable to get terminated by current managers. Thus induction will help managers to foster retention in many ways (, 2015). Induction also reduces the time spent on start up costs and saves time. Research will also indicate that a properly planned and implanted induction as well as change in the old induction programs will accrue major advantages for the staffs and the new joiners as well. As new staffs will be acquainted with new roles, they will be capable of attaining confidence within their novel job. Increased familiarisation will permit staffs towards high productivity as well as spiky individual performance, because staffs will then be able to work comfortably and in a very relaxed ecology. Such comfort will also reflect a total lack of anxiety and fear and will heighten the positive attitudes for work, colleagues, as well as managers (, 2015). Conclusion: This study will be skilled to get quantitative and additionally subjective aspects of the examination for accomplishing legitimate information in addition to understanding on whether there is a need to change the actuation process when the association is experiencing move or not. This will help in accomplishing the fancied arrangement that the representatives might want to propose. The present prompting procedure does not command giving any data about the association's history. There is a casual desire that the reporting supervisor ought to take the new worker through the organisation history and qualities, vision and objectives. There is not documentation on what has been secured with the new representative. References:, (2015). Home | Acas. [online] Available at: [Accessed 30 Jul. 2015]. Bahn, S. and Barratt-Pugh, L. (2012). Evaluation of the mandatory construction induction training program in Western Australia: Unanticipated consequences. Evaluation and Program Planning, 35(3), pp.337-343., (2015). Championing better work and working lives CIPD. [online] Available at: [Accessed 1 Aug. 2015]., (2015).Collecting Primary Data. [online] Available at: C3DE563C3F74/0/1843980649SC.pdf/ [Accessed 6 Sep. 2015]., (2014).CIPD Podcast 89- Rethinking Staff Induction. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Sep. 2015]. Creswell, J. and Plano Clark, V. (2007). Designing and conducting mixed methods research. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications. Daskalaki, M. (2011). Recontextualising New Employee Induction: Organizational Entry as a Change Space. The Journal of Applied Behavioural Science, 48(1), pp.93-114. Denk, T. (2010). Comparative multilevel analysis: proposal for a methodology. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 13(1), pp.29-39. Dessler, G. (2000). Human Resource Management. NJ: Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River., (2015). Publication: Scottish Government Employee Survey 2007. [online] Available at: [Accessed 10 Aug. 2015]., (2015). UK Commission for Employment and Skills - GOV.UK. [online] Available at: [Accessed 3 Aug. 2015]. Gravells, A. (2013). The award in education and training. Los Angeles,: California: SAGE. Holland, J.H.(1989).Induction: Process of Inference Learning and Discovery. Bradford Books Publication, (2015). HSE: Information about health and safety at work. [online] Available at: [Accessed 3 Aug. 2015]. International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory Practice. (2012). International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 15(6), p.ebi-ebi. Jha, N. (2008). Research methodology. Chandigarh: Abhishek Publications. Kumar, R. (2005). Research methodology. London: SAGE. Kurtts, S. (2011). Successful induction for new teachers: a guide for NQTs induction tutors, coordinators, and mentors. Teacher Development, 15(1), pp.123-124. Lavrakas, P. (2008). Encyclopedia of survey research methods. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE Publications. Meighan, M.(2000). Induction Training-Effective Steps for Investing in People. London: Kogan Page Publication, (2015). Mindtools: Stakeholder Analysis. [online] Available at: [Accessed 13 Aug. 2015]., (2015). Office for National Statistics (ONS) - ONS. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Aug. 2015]. Raedt,, L. and Flach,, P. (2001). Machine learning. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. Samosamo, M. (2014). Employee Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Health and Safety Induction at ArcelorMittal, Vanderbijlpark, South Africa. MJSS., (2015). Twin Group - Education, Training and Career Development. [online] Available at: [Accessed 4 Aug. 2015]. Twin Group, 2015. Recruitment Induction Policies Procedures. London, Twin Group, Originator: HR , Department: Assurance, Version: 2015/01 Villani, S. (2006). Mentoring and induction programs that support new principals. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Corwin Press. Wanous, J. and Reichers, A. (2000). New Employee Orientation Programs. Human Resource Management Review, 10(4), pp.435-451. Wildeboer, B. (2004). Staff induction and retention. Practical Pre-School, 2004(43), pp.13-14., (2015).Employee Induction 2010. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Sep. 2015]., (2015). XpertHR Induction Survey 2010: delivery and evaluation. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Sep. 2015].

Monday, December 2, 2019

Mary Rowlandson’s Jeremiad Essay Example

Mary Rowlandson’s Jeremiad Essay Prophet Jeremiah from the Old Testament is the most convenient reminder of the meaning of a jeremiad.   A jeremiad is a literary sermon, literally following the prophecy of Jeremiah.   This prophet of God claimed that the society which falls into evil habits and customs would eventually be destroyed.   The prophet was referring to his own society, of course, pointing out its evil habits and customs and warning the people about the effects of the evil, that is, due punishment. Mary Rowlandson wrote a jeremiad called the Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson.   In this literary sermon, the lady did not only quote plenty of scriptures, but also used the basic formulae of the jeremiad by pointing out the ills of society and referring to the punishment that falls upon people that do not strictly obey the word of God.   However, Rowlandson does not always openly exhibit through her writing all the ills of society with reference to her people.   Rather, she uses herself much of the time as an example to display that God’s wrath falls upon those who do not strictly obey Him.   By so doing, the lady makes her own life a warning for others who too might fall into the devil’s trap the way she did.   Rowlandson writes: We will write a custom essay sample on Mary Rowlandson’s Jeremiad specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Mary Rowlandson’s Jeremiad specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Mary Rowlandson’s Jeremiad specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The next day was the Sabbath.   I then remembered how careless I had been of Gods holy time; how many Sabbaths I had lost and misspent, and how evilly I had walked in Gods sight; which lay so close unto my spirit, that it was easy for me to see how righteous it was with God to cut off the thread of my life and cast me out of His presence forever. The lady also refers to tobacco use as an evil that both she and her people have indulged in.   Referring to tobacco use as a â€Å"bait the devil lays to make men lose their precious time,† she also writes, â€Å"surely there are many who may be better employed than to lie sucking a stinking tobacco-pipe.† Unlike Jeremiah, the lady is writing about her people indirectly in her jeremiad.   She does not talk with God’s authority on earth as Jeremiah did.   Moreover, the lady uses her own punishments from God as a foremost example to teach people about the effects of evildoing.   While Jeremiah did not do so, Rowlandson’s narrative follows the formulas of jeremiads anyway by providing a chilling account of Indian captivity.   The lady writes about her child dying a slow and painful death in her arms; a pregnant woman being tortured and killed; and â€Å"bodies wounded and bleeding, and our hearts no less than our bodies.† Once again, unlike Jeremiah, Rowlandson is being punished along with her society.   According to her account, she had started to believe in worldliness before God judged her wrong.   Hence, Rowlandson’s narrative becomes both, a confession as well as a literary sermon meeting the formulae of jeremiads.   Still, the lady expresses the fact that even the favorite people of God are chastened by Him.   She refers to David in her account: â€Å"They told me I lied, and taking up a hatchet, they came to me, and said they would knock me down if I stirred out again, and so confined me to the wigwam.   Now may I say with David, ‘I am in a great strait’ (2 Samuel 24.14).† Following this confession/jeremiad, Mrs. Mary Rowlandson’s becomes innocent again in the eyes of the Lord.

Wednesday, November 27, 2019

Free Essays on Hydrologic

The hydrologic cycle is a rotation of water exchange between the land, the ocean, and the atmosphere on earth. It is an amazing fact that water circulates without any loss of water.  ¡Ã‚ °Hydrologic cycle includes evaporation form the sea, movement of water vapor over the land, condensation, precipitation, surface runoff, subsurface runoff, and so on ¡Ã‚ ±. (p.189) Because it is a complex and long process, humans did not recognize what was exactly going on until recent times. Talking about how humans developed the idea of the hydrologic cycle, we begin with the ideas of people from the sixteenth century. They believed that water discharged by springs and streams could not be derived form the rain, for two reasons. The first reason was that rainfall was treated as inadequate in quantity. The other reason was that they believed the earth was too impervious to permit penetration of water very far below the surface. (p.190) However, people from even earlier ages, the ancients, knew that the ocean never overflowed. So they figured that was why the rivers flowed to the oceans. One thing the ancients wondered about was how the water got into the rivers from the seas, and how it lost its salt content. The evidence suggests that the ancients ¡Ã‚ ¯ ideas came from the Bible. In Ecclesiastes 1:7, it says,  ¡Ã‚ ®all the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come thither they return again. ¡Ã‚ ¯  ¡Ã‚ °Once again the recognition of the role of infiltration in supplying water to springs and rivers began in the sixteenth century ¡Ã‚ ±. (p.190) Leonardo da Vinci is credited with one of the earliest accurate descriptions of the hydrologic cycle. He was a brilliant scientist, and he was in charge of canals in the Milan area at the time. Probably his occupation of being in charge of canals helped him developing his theory about the hydrologic cycle. Whence we may conclude that the water goes form... Free Essays on Hydrologic Free Essays on Hydrologic The hydrologic cycle is a rotation of water exchange between the land, the ocean, and the atmosphere on earth. It is an amazing fact that water circulates without any loss of water.  ¡Ã‚ °Hydrologic cycle includes evaporation form the sea, movement of water vapor over the land, condensation, precipitation, surface runoff, subsurface runoff, and so on ¡Ã‚ ±. (p.189) Because it is a complex and long process, humans did not recognize what was exactly going on until recent times. Talking about how humans developed the idea of the hydrologic cycle, we begin with the ideas of people from the sixteenth century. They believed that water discharged by springs and streams could not be derived form the rain, for two reasons. The first reason was that rainfall was treated as inadequate in quantity. The other reason was that they believed the earth was too impervious to permit penetration of water very far below the surface. (p.190) However, people from even earlier ages, the ancients, knew that the ocean never overflowed. So they figured that was why the rivers flowed to the oceans. One thing the ancients wondered about was how the water got into the rivers from the seas, and how it lost its salt content. The evidence suggests that the ancients ¡Ã‚ ¯ ideas came from the Bible. In Ecclesiastes 1:7, it says,  ¡Ã‚ ®all the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full; unto the place from whence the rivers come thither they return again. ¡Ã‚ ¯  ¡Ã‚ °Once again the recognition of the role of infiltration in supplying water to springs and rivers began in the sixteenth century ¡Ã‚ ±. (p.190) Leonardo da Vinci is credited with one of the earliest accurate descriptions of the hydrologic cycle. He was a brilliant scientist, and he was in charge of canals in the Milan area at the time. Probably his occupation of being in charge of canals helped him developing his theory about the hydrologic cycle. Whence we may conclude that the water goes form...